Hanumangarh : Land of an ancient civilization

 Carved out  from Sriganganagar   district and formally Created on 12th day of July, 1994 as 31st district of Rajasthan state. Hanumangarh   district, situated at 29° 5' to 30° 6' North    and 74°   3' to 75º 3' east,  shares  its  boundaries   with   Haryana   state   in the    east, Sriganganagar district in the west, Punjab state  in  the North  and Churu  district in the South. The geographical area of the district is 9656.09 Sq. Km. The climate of the district is semi-dry, extremely hot   during  the  summer  and  extremely  cold during winter. The  maximum  average temperature remains 18° to 48° and minimum   average is 2° to 28°   celcius.  The average rainfall during the year is 225 to 300 mm.

          The Hanumangarh  district also  has a   significant  place in the ancient history. The remains found at Kalibanga [Pilibanga] in 1951 reveal that this area was a part of nearly 5000 years old "INDUS VALLEY" civilization. The remains of human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewellary, toys, statues, wells, bathrooms, fort, streets, markets etc., found in excavation tell the story of well developed life style of our ancestors. Besides Kalibanga, more than 100 other places are also there in the district where   evidences of  this old civilization have been found. The remains found at  these places   have been  kept at Museum at Kalibanga and National museum at Delhi.

          Earlier,  Hanumangarh  was  known as "BHATNER".   In year 1805, emperor Soorat Singh of Bikaner captured   BHATNER  after  defeating Bhatis  and as the day of his victory was Tuesday (known as the day  of god "Hanuman"), he  named BHATNER as "HANUMANGARH".